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It’s common for us to wonder what are pool balls made of, well today we will be explaining that with a little history on pool/billiard balls. The world of pool/billiard games goes way back and is not new or just made games, these games were played from the 15th century and are known in those times as Lawn games. As is expected various amount of materials was used to make the pool/billiard balls from those time until now.
What Are Pool Balls Made Of?
Over the centuries pool balls have been made with many different materials like ivory, wood, clay, and ceramic, but the most common and popular materials in our today’s day are a special type of plastic called Phenolic Resin or Bakelite. There is a company in Belgium that manufactures over 80% of pool/billiard balls for the world’s markets, to my knowledge they have perfected the best so far in the field of billiards/pool balls.
What is Phenolic Resin?
Phenolic Resin otherly knowns as Phenolic Formaldehyde are made by a mixture of one or more based materials like fibreglass and paper and laminated with resin that is found in myriad. The full process of this is been done under a severe amount of pressure and heat. I don’t want to get too detailed in this article on what are pool balls made of, the most important thing is that Phenolic Resin is the best material so far poo;/billiard balls.
What is Bakelite?
This is a very special type of plastic, this type of plastic was built to withstand a great amount of heat, and cover-ups in some electrical items, phones, and other devices. This type of plastic was the first to make synthetic components and was developed in New York in 1907.
Fun Factors Of Pool
Originally pool balls were made of stones then after that, they used clay and wood that were the same weight as the stone would be. Those were the first materials used to make the billiard in those days however the balls were not very durable to keep the round shape of not chipping or damaging.
A pool cue in those time was not known as a pool cue but a Mace, the playing pattern of the game was so different in those time, and the rules that are applied now in the game was not even thought of in those days making the game freer to just shove the balls in the pocket holes on the table.
The name cue stick was developed in the late 1600s and the term pool was then developed in the 1900s, the eight-ball pool game was the first to develop then came after the nine-ball pool and others. The history of the game is a very fun factor to learn and know about I am sure if you are a lover of the game like myself you will be amassed.
Pool And Woman
It is common that a person will think that the game of pool is a man-cue sport but it’s not, although it was said that women were forbidden to play with men and had difficulties entering a match where a guy was playing. It was not long after when males started to accept women pool players in the game, females have been playing with men in pool form in the 1920s, so as you see they have a history as well with men learning the game at a similar timeline.
In 1948, that was the year in which the first female to have completed the world champion billiard title as well, from that event took forth females are said to be equally talented as men some will even be better.
Pool Balls Durability
- Wooden Balls – These were one of the first to be used in the game however they would crack very easily.
- Ivory Balls – A step up from wood but it was Expensive and was also easily broken and the colour would fade from the ball very quickly, Ivory Balls were said to be obtained from fully grown elephant tusks.
- Phenolic resins – Keeps its colour on the selective ball and can endure the heavy break shots without cracking, this is said to be perfect for pool/billiard balls
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